Bupleurum and Peony Formula (jia wei xiao yao san)

Details of Bupleurum and Peony Formula
Bupleurum unsticks what is stuck.

Bupleurum unsticks what is stuck.

This is our most requested formula. It is really good for many forms of stress, frustration, anger and PMS.

When the (Chinese concept of the) Liver is out of balance, its function of ensuring the free-flow of qi is compromised. This free-flow of qi is many neurological functions in biomedical terms. Where there is stagnation, there is often heat. The can cause one to get angry, frustrated, or give rise to PMS.

One of the cardinal signs for Xiao Yao or Jia Wei Xiao Yao is when a person gets really angry, really suddenly over something that in reality is very small. In other words, we keep something bottled up until a little thing “sets us off”. Most of the time we use Jia Wei Xiao Yao because it clears more heat than Xiao Yao. And anger often translates as heat.

“Jia Wei” means “added ingredients (lit:flavors) and so Jia Wei is Xiao Yao with those two extra ingredients. Jia Wei Xiao Yao is Rambling Powder (Xiao Yao San) plus two herbs to “cool the blood”.

This formula also contains some Dang Gui and Bai Shao which build the blood. For that reason women especially gravitate to Jia Wei and regular Xiao Yao Wan. (Because in Chinese Medicine, women are all about the blood.)

Alternative Names

  • jia wei xiao yao san
  • Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San
  • Modified Merry Life Powder
  • Modified Rambling Powder
  • Supplemented Free Wanderer Powder
  • bupleurum and paeonia formula
  • Bupleurum and Peony Formula
  • chia wei hsiao yao san
  • kami syoyo san
  • kamishoyosan
  • TJ 24; TJ-24; TJ24
  • jia-wei-xiao-yao-san
  • kami-shoyo-san
  • kami-soyo-san
  • kamisyoyo-san
  • Kami-shōyō-san
  • 加味逍遙散
  • かみしょうようさん
  • jiā wèi xiāo yáo wán
  • 加味逍遙丸

Benefits

  • regulates the emotions in those with symptoms that are aggravated by stress or menstrual cycle
  • cools temporary hot flashes
  • calms restlessness, frustration, or impatience in those who are easily angered. Don’t hurt your neck nodding so vigorously, you know who you are. :)
  • regulates sleeping for those having difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
  • relaxes neck and shoulder tension
  • regulates the menstrual cycle
  • supports vaginal health
  • relaxes pre-menstrual tension
  • supports bladder health.
  • supports pain-free flow of qi and blood

Ingredients

Chai Hu 柴胡 hare’s ear root, thorowax root, bupleurum Radix Bupleuri [caution]

Bo He 薄荷 field mint, mentha Herba Menthae Haplocalycis

  • Chai hu is the herb that helps move that Liver qi because qi stagnation can cause a dull aching beneath the ribs, on the flanks, or on the sides of the head in the case of migraine headaches. Bo he helps move this Liver qi, and it tastes good too.

Zhi Zi 梔子 cape jasmine fruit, gardenia Gardeniae Fructus

Mu Dan Pi 牡丹皮 moutan root bark, tree peony root bark Cortex Moutan Radicis

  • These are the two herbs that are added to Rambling Powder (Xiao Yao San). That’s why the original name of this formula was Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San, the “Dan” comes from Mu Dan Pi and the “Zhi” comes from Zhi Zi. They cool the Liver basically. When the Liver is hot, the heat rises to the Heart which disturbs the spirit, giving rise to impatience, frustrations, irritability, and restlessness.

Dang Gui 當歸 tangkuei, Chinese angelica root Radix Angelicae Sinensis [supports pregnancy]

Bai Shao 白芍 white peony root, peony Paeoniae Radix alba [supports pregnancy]

  • The two herbs above serve to nourish the blood and yin-fluids that keep the Liver lubricated and functioning harmoniously. When the Liver gets dry, the qi can stagnate, and that’s what this formula is treating, “Liver qi stagnation”.
  • Also, Chai hu is a drying herb which can damage the yin-fluids of the Liver, so Bai Shao is commonly used with Chai hu just to moderate this effect.

Zhi Gan Cao 炙甘草 licorice root Radix Glycyrrhizae prep.

  • Gan cao is commonly added to formulas to harmonize all the ingredients so they work gently without side-effects. The fact that this sweet herb (the literal translation of gan cao) is honey fried, it is mostly focused then on the functions of the Stomach because the two added herbs in this formula (zhi zi and mu dan pi) are capable of being too cold for the stomach.

Fu Ling 茯苓 sclerotium of tuckahoe, China root, hoelen, Indian bread Poria Cocos

Bai Zhu 白术 , bai shu ovate atractylodes, (white) atractylodes rhizome [supports pregnancy]

Sheng Jiang 煨薑  ginger rhizome Zingiberis Rhizoma

  • These three herbs (along with the zhi gan cao above) are used to prevent the Liver problems from spreading into the digestive functions which they commonly do. This formula strengthens the digestion while it prevents the Liver (nervous system) from causing problems in the digestive tract. Ginger prevents nausea too, which is a common effect of stress-induced Liver qi stagnation such as you might find with a migraine or excessive emotion.

Recommended for these body types:
Balanced

Balanced

Slightly Delicate

Slightly Delicate

Recommended for these thermal natures:
Hot

Hot

Warm

Warm

Neutral

Neutral

Adult Dosage

This formula can be used to support health with or without symptoms. If symptoms are present, take 1 level teaspoon of the powder (8 capsules) three times daily. When symptoms are not present, take 1/2 level teaspoon (4 capsules), two times daily. Empty stomach is best for efficient absorption, but not essential. [More...]

At this dosage, your order will last approximately this long (?):

  • 50 grams powder (capsules only): 4 to 14 days.
  • 100 grams powder (capsules or powder): 8 to 25 days
  • 200 grams powder (powder only): 19 to 56 days
Shipping
Shipping Rate: A

Availability status: in stock

Order Bupleurum and Peony Formula
Anxiety Modification

15 comments on “Bupleurum and Peony Formula (jia wei xiao yao san)

  1. Hi
    I am finishing my last year of chinese medecine. It might be a silly question but which herb do you use for headaches behind the eyes? I was told to add chuanxiong but i ve always been scared to use it when liver is aleeady hot, person also has tinnitus and dizzyness… Can you help me? Thanks! Love you website, the professionalism with the humour!

  2. Hi Anne,

    Good question

    Chuan xiong can be added to any formula where there is a headache. All of the headache options that I use are chuan xiong plus another herb. If the patient’s already got too much yang rising, that might call for a treatment principle that descends using herbs such as long dan cao or shi jue ming.

    But in the case of a hot liver with headaches behind the eyes, remember that this formula already has zhi zi and mu dan pi to cool the liver. Adding chuan xiong is okay, but you can also get by with just a pinch to help guide the effects upward to the head. Chuan xiong is a guiding herb that moves blood upward. I think of it as a blood-level equivalent of chai hu which lifts the qi such as it is used in bu zhong yi qi tang.

    For headaches behind the eyes, I use chuan xiong with bai shao, however since bai shao is already in this formula, I just add the chuan xiong.

    Good luck with your studies. Oh, and don’t expect the questions to end after you’re licensed, that’s when the best questions begin!

  3. Hello, I have been taking bupleurum and peony for a week. Since then I have experienced bad headaches and sleeplessness. Could these be side affects?

  4. I never liked it when a doctor says, “that couldn’t happen, it wasn’t me, it must be something else.” The first thing to be done is to stop taking the formula and see how you do. If you want to start taking it again then take it only in the mornings and afternoon. Any herbal formula can “stir things up” and if taken late at night might cause the sleeplessness. Bupleurum and peony is generally for “stagnant qi” causing anger at little things and general frustration. There is also a component of blood deficiency. For that reason it is a favorite for women to help with menses. It shouldn’t cause headaches unless it has unblocked some other forces.
    I don’t believe you got this from us. (did you?) Is there an acupuncturist near you you can talk to or write to me at service@eagleherbs.com.
    Take care – feel better.
    Doug

  5. I have been taking Jia Wei Xiao Yao San for 5 days. I went to an herbalist and she recommended that I take this plus a tincture. I am sleeping better, however, I feel tight in the throat and it seems like Im more apt to get angry. Is this a common side effect? How long will it last? Please let me know.

  6. We use Jia Wei Xiao Yao San for Qi that is constrained. One of the big markers for a Xiao Yao formula is getting angry at little things that don’t matter. It is possible that the freeing of your constrained Qi is bringing up other more deep seated issues. The throat problem generally calls for another formula, also with much of Xiao Yao Wan in it, Ban Xia Hou Po Tang. This is more specific to the feeling in the throat. We call that “plum pit qi” or like something is stuck there. So while it may seem paradoxical that this anti-anger formula is making you more angry, I would say stick with it for a little more time and see where it leads you.
    By the way: did you know that the Jia Wei of Jia Wei Xiao Yao Wan means “added flavors”? So Jia Wei Xiao Yao Wan is a modification of Xiao Yao Wan.

  7. Hi I have found JIA WEI XIAO YAO SAN to have a general calming effect which is good , and my sleep is very good too , noticed that have felt uneasy , restless if I sit and watch TV , is there any long term detrimental side effect ? Have been taking morning and night recommended dose – Thanks ( perhaps as I am 59 working like 30 yr old I am just fatigued

  8. hmmm…. since you are doing so well otherwise maybe TV watching is just not your thing anymore. Restlessness can be seen in formulas such as Tian Wan Bu Xin Dan and Suan Zao Ren Tang. This might be better for you in the evenings if that is when you have been watching TV. Suan Zao Ren Tang is usually for sleep and even though your sleep is OK now it might help you to unwind a little. Tian Wan Bu Xin Dan would be more for a panic mode during the day which it sounds like you are way past at this point. Let us know what happens.

  9. Hi I’ve only started taking Jia Wei Xiao Yan San for 3 days. All good so far, maybe there is still a tightness in the jaw area and I think I may have stopped grinning my teeth in my sleep. My husband and I are trying to concieve. Is it safe to continue taking this formula during pregnancy? If not, when should I stop? Thanks!

  10. Glad its helping after only a few days. Often Jiao takes a week or so for people to notice. The jaw tightness may take some time.
    As to the pregnancy, that is tricky. If you were my patient who I saw in my office I could give you my approval. I have told many of my patients who are pregnant that Jia Wei Xiao Yao is very safe. But since I haven’t seen you in person I would rather that you stop when you become pregnant and see a professional in person before starting up again. That being said, Jia Wei Xiao Yao is often, often used to help facilitate fertility.
    Doug

  11. what a wonderful website. i am looking to restore my liver back to it’s best state of health after many years of abuse from prescribed medicines for stress, anxiety and depression. i have sense realized that the majority of my unwellness had been do to hormone imbalance. i am now 44 and have been taking chaste tree berry and black cohosh which have helped very much. rather than a straight detox for my system… i thought healing my liver would be a good place to start. i have read about xiao yao san but before purchasing the
    Bupleurum and Peony Formula – i thought it best to ask if this is indeed the best formulation for rebuilding my liver’s health. much thanks,
    laura

  12. Hi I went to a Chinese herbalist last week for general pain in my abdominal, bad digestion, fatigue and lack of concentration. He prescribed jie Wei Xiao Yao San along with Shen qi da bu wan. I took them for three days just as my me steal cycle was due( I have a very regular cycle normaly) my men’s ration never began, after a few negative home tests I began to wonder what could cause my late cycle. I went back to the chenese herbalist who confirmed it could be from the herbs. I stopped taking them even though they seemed to be relieving my symptoms. A week later no menstration had occurred so I started taking the herbs again. It’s now been 4 days and I’m finding the herbs benificial but my menstration has still not occurred iv never been so late and don’t really know what to do.have you heard of cases where this particular herb causes delay in menstration? If so how long should I wait before getting very worried? It’s been 39 days since the first day of my last cycle, normally I have a 29 day cycle which has been so for a long time? Thanks for any input?

  13. These are very widely used formulas and I really would be surprised if the herbs could delay the cycle. Its very possible that your digestion etc… was the result of your menses not being as healthy as might seem. I empathize with your herbalist in saying, “well, it could….” but I think its something else that is up. If the herbs are working then go back to the herbalist and see what he thinks. That being said I think it is “normal” for menses to be “not normal” ever so once in a while.

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